Endodontics is the treatment of dental pulp; the blood vessels and nerves that are located inside teeth. The most common endodontic surgery procedure is the apicoectomy. Apicoectomy is an effective procedure involving the surgical removal of a root end cavity and sealing of the root canal. The purpose of this procedure is to fight infection in the tissues surrounding the tip of the root, thereby saving the tooth from extraction
Surgery may also be used to make a diagnosis in the case that symptoms are present but no problems appear on your x-ray by allowing the endodontic to examine the root of your tooth. If your tooth has calcification (calcium deposits which make the canal too narrow to perform a root canal) endodontic surgery may be necessary to clean and seal the remainder of the canal.
Most chipped or fractured tooth crowns can be repaired either by reattaching the broken piece or by placing a tooth-colored filling. If a significant portion of the tooth crown is broken off, an artificial crown may be needed to fix the tooth.
If the pulp is exposed or damaged after a crown fracture, root canal treatment may be needed. Injuries in the back teeth often include fractured cusps, cracked teeth and the more serious split tooth. If cracks extend into the root, root canal treatment and a full coverage crown may be needed to restore function to the tooth. Split teeth may require extraction.